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From the two primary Rand Water purification plants pump, bulk water is distributed via the four booster pump station and the VVS sub-system, through a total network of 3500km bulk pipelines and 60 storage reservoirs

Municipal customers account for 95% of total demand, with direct supply to mines making up most of the balance.
Rand Water’s Customers:
  • Metropolitan Municipal Councils - City of Joburg, City of Ekurhuleni, City of Tshwane;
  • 13 Municipalities - Emfuleni, Govan Mbeki, Lesedi, Madibeng, Merafong, Metsimaholo, Midvaal, Mogale City, Ngwathe,  Randwest, Rustenburg, Thembisile Hani, Victor Khanye;
  • Royal Bafokeng Administration;
  • 40 Mines; and
  • 926 industries and direct customers.


Total average daily demand for the Rand Water network is projected to increase from the current AADD demand of some 4 320 Mℓ/d to around 5 500 Mℓ/d by 2030. This gives an average rate of demand growth of 1.75% per annum over this period. Rand Water is currently exceeding the raw water quota allowed by the Department of Water and Sanitation from the Vaal River System (Vaal Dam), thus the system is expected to remain under stress at least until Phase 2 of the Lesotho Highlands Water Scheme (LHWS), expected to be completed by 2024 and deliver more than 1 000 Mℓ/d, comes online. Between now and 2024, municipal water demand management projects would need to show good results to sustain current to medium term water demands.




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